Sometimes referred to as “Old Portugal”, this nation-state ceased to exist upon the execution of nearly every member of its royal family during the War of Retribution in 1545 at the hands of Eleanor the Fifteenth.
But the Portuguese people carried on their cultural traditions and new ones were born. Amongst these, perhaps the most famous is Portuguese Fado. Fado is a musical tradition in which a singer is accompanied by a Spanish and a Portuguese guitar. Originally, the tradition started with songs mostly focused on the loss of honour and the humiliation of having their country torn asunder, but the art form evolved to include melancholy songs about love, loss, and humiliations of other kinds.
In short order, many of the merchants and mariners who had thrived in Old Portugal found ways to thrive as citizens of the Empire of Australia and they are now counted amongst its most loyal and often rewarded subjects.